Speech Pathology Definition and Function


Many people still do not know about speech pathology definition. Speech pathology or better known as speech therapy is one form of medical assistance that is still more often used in developed countries. Meanwhile, many cases of speech delay that occur in developing countries have not received such treatment. This is because the people of developing countries prefer to wait or cannot afford the cost of this treatment. To know more about speech pathology or speech therapy, we must know about the understanding and what is in this field.

The definition

Speech therapy is the treatment or healing of things that have deficiencies or errors related to the expression of de-idea or thought, uttering sounds or sounds that have meaning as a result of sight, hearing, and experience through the movements of the mouth, lips and other speech organ that is the object of learning and attract attention.

Speech therapy is focused on helping children to better use language in communicating with others. The importance of speech therapy to language comprehension is absolute, because communication in speech therapy is verbal communication, linguistic messages, and the delivery of information using language.

Speech pathology is intended as an attempt to improve speech against individuals who have language disorders and talk by giving good conversation practice habits. The purpose of the application of speech therapy is to improve language and speech skills, especially the production of language in a way how children can issue existing ideas in the form of words, as well as the expansion of language mastery.

Although the approach is for children to come up with ideas in the form of language, imitation forms will also be rewarded positively.

Speech language pathologist education

How speech pathology works

Early intervention system is implemented to treat infants and toddlers who suffer from speech problems due to growth disorders. This series of services is designed specifically for children under 3 years old. The goal is to develop age-appropriate communication skills. Recognizing and treating speech and language disorders can improve the patient’s speech skills along with his growth.

For school-aged children, therapy is combined with a special education service, known as the IEP (Individualized Education Program). This program is to educate children according to levels and phases that can be understood.

To continue to give attention and support, speech therapy is usually combined with the IFSP or Individualized Family Services Plan. It aims to teach the family the special needs of patients and the role of families in the success of therapy. Speech therapy aims to improve the quality of life of patients.

This therapy trains how to speak and swallow well, and provide support and attention to patients. Early detection and treatment can improve the prognosis for most patients and prevent deterioration of the disorder.

Speech disorder alone can cause complications. When left untreated, this disorder triggers anxiety, nervousness, embarrassment, and low self-esteem. Even patients may have a phobia to speak in public and are at risk of depression.
To that end, knowledge about speech pathology definition, its benefits, how to work, and its advantages and disadvantages can certainly help families and people with speech disorder (speech delay) to get the right treatment.